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发表于 2018-7-7 20:58:11 | 显示全部楼层
是这个吗?
Q-Mechanics
THE NEW ATOM
In this chapter a step by step system will be used to present a completely new atomic model. Reference will be made to the old model to illustrate the new which will be built in conceptual form to simplify a complex action which will come to be better understood in the latter pages.
A brief explanation of current atomic theory was illustrated in figure 7. where protons, neutrons and electrons are shown to be the basis of current theoretical concepts. Figures 8. and 9 are the current first two elements on the current periodic table being that of hydrogen as (1) and helium as (2).
Figure 8, Helium & Figure 9, Hydrogen
In hydrogen there is one proton and one electron but no neutron whereas helium has two protons, two electrons and two neutrons.
Upon examination of the rest of the periodic table it becomes apparent that hydrogen with no neutron is an exception to the rule. When dealing with any atomic theory it must be clearly understood that there is absolutely no current technology capable of examining atomic structure at any level. Current magnification techniques or technologies are not even approaching the scale necessary for viewing even a compound of atoms.  To help understand any theory it is useful to be aware of the origin of the concept.  The development of the currently accepted atomic model is as follows in chronological order.
Thomson’s model:
An atom consists of a sphere of positively charged fluid in which is distributed a number of negatively charged electrons.
Lenard’s model:
An atom is made up of pairs of positive and negative charges called dynamids that are distributed throughout the volume of the atom. Dynamids were thought to be extremely small and most of the atom was empty space.
Rutherford’s model:
The Geiger and Marsden scattering experiment involved:
Alpha particles (+e) from a radioactive source were scattered by a thin piece of gold foil and detected by a zinc sulphide screen. Most Alpha particles passed through the foil with little or no change in direction, but a few were scattered through large angles.
By reviewing the results of the Geiger and Marsden scattering experiment Rutherford concluded that the positive charge of an atom was concentrated in a tiny central nucleus and that most of the atom was empty space. Alpha particles only suffer a large deflection when they approach a nucleus closely and this occurs only rarely.
Rutherfords atomic model consists of:
1.        A tiny central nucleus containing most of the mass and having a positive charge Ze where e is the charge on the electron and Ze is the atomic number of the element.
2.        Orbiting electrons surrounding the nucleus, the number of electrons being Z in a neutral atom.
Chadwick’s model:
Beryllium bombarded with alpha particles emitted highly penetrating neutral radiation. Chadwick suggested that the neutral radiation was neutral particles which were a combination of a proton and an electron.
This differs from today’s accepted theory of a neutron in that Chadwicks model of the atom did not contain a neutron particle, As stated above, a neutron particle was created from an electron and a proton at the time of emission. Before this the neutron particle did not exist.
It is only in recent times that the neutron particle has been added to the model which has helped to overcome a small portion of the problems created with having a model based on an opposite concept The largest assumption however, is that of an empty space existing between the particles which infers some kind of a natural void or lack of matter. The concept of a natural void, nothing or zero is not possible, even space itself is not a void. Space is also covered in the later chapters.
The step by step technique used to explain the new atom will use current theory as a starting point, replacing each component one part at a time. The first component of current theory to be replaced is going to be the neutron or neutral particle. The replacements are not going to be that of matter but that of fields, that is we are going to use fields and not particles to illustrate the new atom. This first field shall be called the ‘neutronic field’ since it replaces the old concept of the neutron particle. The terming for the neutronic field shall remain in effect for the entirety of the remaining contents in reference to the new atomic model. The placing of the neutronic field shall not be in the nucleus as was the neutron particle but shall be placed around the remainder of the current atom being that of protons and electrons. This placing of the neutronic field around the outside is illustrated below in figure 10.
Figure 10.
The neutronic field can also be viewed in terms of the program of the atom. This field defines the shape and size of a particular atom or group of atoms. The definition of such a field is determined by its frequency, so the program is the direct result of its frequency. Different atoms are constructed with different frequencies or programs.
Figure 10 is a simplified diagram representing the complex neutronic field, however this simplification makes it possible to begin an understanding of such a field. An important point is that the neutronic field is a three dimensional field, however it may be viewed in simple two dimensional form at this stage for the sole purpose of conceptual acceptance.
The neutronic field, at this point, can also be considered as the housing for the protons and electrons. The size and shape would determine how many protons and electrons the field could hold at any one point in time.
A neutronic field is also not perfectly round, that is, it is not a perfect sphere. The field has high points and low points. These high and low points we shall call bumps and divots.
The high points are the bumps and the low points are the divots. Figure 11. illustrates these bumps and divots which are not all the same.
Figure 11.
The bumps and divots represent the points that define the shape and size of the neutronic field. Figure 11. does not represent any particular atom, it illustrates the size-shape concept only. It is beneficial to start to visualise these shapes in their three dimensional form.
So far we have only considered the neutronic field of a stable atom. To gain a better understanding of the shape concept, the neutronic field of an unstable atom such as neodymium is illustrated in figure 12. The periodic table lists neodymium as element number 60 and is considered as having an overcharge or having more electrons than it needs. This overcharge is considered as having a value of four, that is the four overcharge is an excess of four electrons.
These extra four electrons are not trapped within the neutronic field and can move freely should the right conditions arise.
Figure 12.
It could be said that the program or frequency of the atom allows a four overcharge. The neutronic field is also a neutral field that is it is neither attracted nor repelled by another neutronic field. The next step in our new model is to delete the electrons.
The concept of an electron as a charged particle shall be replaced with another field, that is a field that is neither positive nor negative but unified. This field shall be referred to as the ‘unified charge’. This ‘unified charge’ shall remain in effect for the rest of the contents.
Since this unified charge is neither positive nor negative it has no opposite. A unified charge is also attracted to another unified charge, however a unified charge is also attracted to a neutronic field. The attraction of the unified charge to the neutronic field is negative but unified. This field shall be referred to as the ‘unified charge’. This ‘unified charge’ shall remain in effect for the rest of the contents.
Figure 13. Representation of a stable atom.
Figure 13. is the representation of the stable atom, figure 14. illustrates an atom with an overcharge. The unified charge is contained within the neutronic field of the stable atom, whereas the unstable atom has some of its charge on the outside of the neutronic field. Just as the unified charge is determined by the neutronic field of the stable atom so is the overcharge of the unstable atom.
So far there are no opposites in the new model, nor are there going to be since as explained earlier there are no opposites in real terms. In figure 14. of the unstable atom we can use some charge values to help show the difference between the unified charge and the overcharge.
Figure 14. Over Charged Atom
Some rules have been established to govern the new model which is thus far.
1.        Unified charge attracts to unified charge.
2.        Unified charge attracts to neutronic field.
3.        Unified charge attraction to neutronic field is greater than to another charge.
4.        Neutronic field is not attracted to a neutronic field.
The only part of the original old theory that now remains is that of the protons which we will now replace with another field. This field is to be placed into the center of our new model directly replacing the protons and shall be termed the emanation which shall remain in effect for the entirety of the contents.
The emanation is the most complex part of the new model since its action determines the atom. This action can only be considered in three dimensional terms for an atom is a three dimensional object. The emanation can also be considered as the source of the program for the neutronic field.
The mathematical system used by the emanation shall be covered in a little more detail in a later chapter. The first concept of the emanation field required to be understood, is that the field emanates and this emanation is from a center point outwards in a three dimensional plane.
The three dimensional plane can be considered sphere like but not perfect. Figure 15. illustrates the forming of each outward point which combine to form the total emanation.
Figure 15.
The ends of the lines emanating outward in figure 15. above represent the point or tip of the outer boundary of the emanation. All these points form the three dimensional shape and size of the single emanation. This pattern or program is its frequency. The number of lines shown in figure 15. are by no means a correct amount for any particular emanation since the emanation would have many more points which we are unable to illustrate on the scale necessary.
Figure 16. Representation of the new model with the emanation now in the center.
The natural overcharge of an unstable atom as illustrated above can be seen in the areas where the emanation does not protrude beyond the unified charge. The areas between the emanations that completely protrude either side of the unified charge would be considered as stable or as areas containing their natural unified charge levels.
It is possible however to overcharge an atom beyond its natural stable point which would then be termed as hyper -charging the atom. Hyper-charging and its effects will also be covered in later chapters.
Another view of the natural overcharge of the unstable atom is illustrated in figure 17 .
Figure 17.
The emanation of the atom is also in constant motion. This motion could be described as the forming of the individual points, where each individual point is formed one point at a time with such speed as to appear as a complete emanation. This sequence is covered in more detail shortly.
The emanation is not the only part of the new model that is in motion as the unified charge is also in motion. The emanation is also the source of the neutronic field since the neutronic field exists at the boundary of the emanation field.
The neutronic field could also be considered as an effect of the emanation field. The emanation field could also be considered as the neutronic field, however it is necessary to keep the two concepts separate at this point since the outer neutronic field plays a much larger part when dealing with groups of atoms.
One important point which will become clear later is that single atoms do not exist by themselves. Our single atom is for progressive teaching only.
In figure 18. below, two atoms are illustrated to show how the neutronic field becomes one field around the two atoms. This is an example of the 1+1=1 concept where the combining fields form the one field. The emanations however remain two separate emanations.
This figure also helps to explain the relationship between the emanation field and the neutronic field since the boundaries of the emanation fields form the single neutronic field surrounding the number of atoms as a unit.
Should you add more atoms to the unit, the boundary of the unit will change, hence changing the neutronic field. The atoms can also be seen meshing close together, however they mesh considerably closer than illustrated, which also allows the unified charges to become one unified charge or field. The pattern or program of the atom allows this very close meshing to take place. Should you wish to add more atoms to the unit several conditions would apply.
Figure 18.
Firstly the program patterns of both the unit you wish to add too and the atoms you wish add must be compatible, that is the programs of both must be capable of meshing together. This can be observed in modern chemistry where some particular atoms will not bond with others since their programs are not compatible, but with the use of a third atom that is compatible with the other two, a bond can be achieved. This bonding system is common and present in nearly all known matter.
Secondly the atoms must be allowed to get close enough together to be able to mesh. There are many variables and processes which make this possible, all of which need to be considered on an individual basis. The next chapter is where we will be covering a number of these effects. The close meshing of the atoms is part of what forms the structure of the universe, meaning every single atom is in close proximity to the next as illustrated in figure 19.
Figure 19.
This concept of atomic structure also applies to space since space itself is not a void as voids do not exist. The atomic structure of space has however never been defined. Some attempts have been made to describe space as an unexplained ether to help negate the concept of the void however it is the structure of the atom that is most important.
The close mesh of the atom is not just the product of its shape and size, it is its individual motion that is important and this motion needs to be considered for each individual atom itself and then for each other atom individually within the group.
After this we can consider what all the individual actions mean to the group as a whole. Current science could be understood as interpreting the group’s action as a whole, as the singular action rather than the result of the group action, hence the search for things like quarks and other smaller particles.
The formation of the motion for the individual atom needs to be simplified for the purpose of initial understanding. The three dimensional motion is its frequency or program, providing it is not effected by an external source.
To describe the frequency of the atom would be to select a single point of the emanation field and then track each other point in a three dimensional plane until you had the complete motional signature for that particular atom.
A simpler way to visualise this would be to use an artificial or mock emanation field that has very few points in its frequency, then place the emanation field into an elastic bubble which is smaller than the emanation so that each time the emanation forms a point you would visually see the surface of the bubble rise and fall with the emanation field.
Observing this would give the view of a pulsating surface on the bubble. Each time there is a pulse the shape of the bubble changes, however this is only part of the view since in real terms some of the emanations will not reach the surface of the bubble, so where this occurs you must visualise the bubble dipping inwards to meet the point of the emanation.
All this is viewed in slow motion as this action is performed in real terms at great speed. Once this visualisation is complete use the same motion concept except without the bubble because in real terms the emanation is not housed within a bubble.
This motion is considered as a rotational motion as it moves in a three dimensional plane. The rotational motion is the frequency of the atom. The frequency can also be described as a vibration. That is the rotational motion, frequency and vibration are all the same in reference to the new atomic model as they all describe the same motion.
An important point about the use of the term vibration is that it is not used in reference to any current conception of the term where it is used and described as a back and forth motion especially in reference to any current wave theory, since wave theory is not a motion that can be used to describe the interactions within the new atomic model.
The next step is to consider the action of the atom that is beside the atom whose motion we have just described. If the two atoms were of the same kind they would have the same action except the orientation of the starting points of both atoms may not be the same which is the case in most circumstances. This means that both atoms are not orientated with the same rotational alignment in reference to each other.
This applies to each and every individual atom within the group, however it is possible to achieve different degrees of rotational alignment which will alter the effect of the group as a whole.
Figure 20.
Figure 20. simplifies the concept to illustrate the difference in rotational alignment. The complexity of the whole can only be calculated on the basis of each individual atom. This multiple interaction will be expanded upon as we proceed through the chapters on effects and the advanced atom.
发表于 2018-7-14 11:05:12 | 显示全部楼层
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