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约翰.威乐尔.科利
约翰科利的早期生活--科利的第一个设备

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  这里有一个描述,可能是科利的真正的第一个的设备。但不幸的是没有日期和时间给出来。

  “他的最早的注明声音震动的均匀的力的机械结构是一个钢棒放置了各种长度的大头针,他的第一个‘共振器’或‘能量震动剧烈仪器’,由一个木瓦片拧在两个空心的木头管子上组成。科利的第一个基本的引擎是一个普通的钢环由300个大头针放置在里面,和这个第一个在一个开口的箱子里转的轮子,可以透过盒子方便的观察轮子的运动。

  1856年,科利一直在实验和运行一个玩具引擎,后来被‘燃烧的液体灯’取代的烧水壶,在他的家,第五大街,在女王大街的第五个或第六个门。1863年,科利获得了一个家居装饰的工作,每周薪资10$,在威尔逊的家具店。

  威尔逊资助科利的实验,并且提供给他一个工作的马克大街的家具厂给他工作。 那里科利年复一年的实验他所称的‘振动反应发动机’这导致了1869年一个后来被成为‘球形发动机’的先驱的发明。

  据推断是在1865年早期科利的发动机开始吸引注意力,但大约1871年他开始把他的发明实用化,商业化应用,这就是他声称他的发明给公众的那一年。 科利,马克大街的一个家具修饰工,在费城晚报上刊登了一则广告,他声称已经发明了或发现了准备去展示有关新的发动机或发动机的能源。 这个新的发动机被命名为“球形发动机”,可能因为它由一个空心的球组成,就像科利所称它高速的自动的运转着。

The recollection of another man who was also drawn to Keely's Globe Motor and who retold the incident 30 years later, 44 seems to confirm other allegations that Keely had a globular motor in operation in 1871. In fact, if the 30-year period would be correct, it would mean that Keely had already constructed his device prior to 1869.
  另一个被科利的球形发动机吸引的人,在30年后他的回忆录中重新讲述了那件事情,看来确认了另外一件事情:科利在1871年有一个可运行的球形发动机。 实际上,如果这个30年的时间是对的,他意味着科利在1869年前都已经建立好这个设备了。

The man who came forward after all these years was one Joseph Repetti, decribed
as an "expert Vineland machinist and inventor" and "a Mason ofexcellent standing in the local lodge and a highly respected citizen, whose veracity and capabilities are well known in Vineland. " Repetti stated that he knew Keely's much-talked-aboutsecret, and that he was "the only person to whom Keely ever showed his completemotor." Of course this was nonsense; Keely built several devices, of which the Globe Motor was only one, but again it reflects something of the confusion that has always surrounded historical data concerning Keely, even in his day.
    另外一个自告奋勇的人是Repetti;他本人是瓦嗯蓝的专家机械师和发明家, 在当地有很好的名望并且很受尊敬的一个人,他的诚实和能力在瓦嗯蓝当地是很有名的。Repetti叙述了他知道科利的许多的秘密,并且他是唯一一个科利曾经展示了完整的发动机的人。科利造了很多的设备,球形发动机只是其中一个,但这件事情再次反应了一些混乱,关于科利的历史资料,甚至在他的时代。

Repetti, who lived in Philadelphia,remembered how he met Keely around 1869.
According to him, "It had become noised about that a Mr. Keely, who then occupied rooms on Market Street, had accomplished perpetual motion. I became very much interested and, securing permission from my employer, decided to take a half-day off and visit the much-talked-of Keely at his place of work and have a talk. Accordingly I made a call. Mr. Keely was, to all appearances, carrying on a second-hand furniture business.I said: 'I am interested in the report that you have solved the problem of
perpetual motion. I am a machinist employed in the city, at the shops of  Vere, Camp & Leopold. I have also been working for some time on a machine for the same purposeand am interested in the subject. This is why I have called.' Mr. Keelyreplied: 'The machine to which you refer is not in running order, but if you will wait for afew minutes I will put it together and show it to you.' In a few minutes, Mr. Keely, who had retired to his workshop, called me to that apartment showing me a peculiarly constructed machine in the form of a globe, of about eight inches in diameter. The ball
had avertical rotary motion. I inquired: 'How long would the machine continue to revolve? ''Until worn out,' replied Mr. Keely. I asked: 'Does the machine develop any power?'Mr. Keely, placing his finger on the revolving globe, stopped it, saying: 'This machine is too small to develop much power. I shall make a larger machine that will have power to run other machines.'  Keely then stated that he had not begun the actual construction yet, but that he had decided the size of the machine, and that the ball would be 'between five and six feet in diameter.' Keely also stated that he didn't know
when he would start the construction; that would depend on the help 'from the outside' that he could get. When Repetti asked how much help it would take, Keely's answer was,'Something like one thousand dollars.
    Repetti住在费城的人,回忆他遇见科利大约在1869年,根据他说:那时有一个谣传关于住在马克大街的科利先生,已经完成了永动机。我变得非常感兴趣,从我的老板那里获得了允许,决定去花半天时间去拜访这个大家谈论的科利,并且交谈一番。因此,我先打了一个电话。显然科利先生正在一个二手的家具店里,我说‘我非常感兴趣因为那篇你解决了永动机的报道。我是这个城市的一个机械师,在vere camp&leopold的店里。我也一直在寻找同样的目的的机械,也非常感兴趣这个课题。这是我打电话的目的。’科利先生说‘你所指的那个机器现在出了点问题,如果你能稍等几分钟,我将把它装好给你看看’几分钟后,科利从他的工厂里出来了,叫我去一个公寓给我展示了一个奇妙的结构的球形的机器,大约直径有8英寸大小。球有一个垂直的旋转运动。我问到‘这个机器可以持续转多久?’‘直到破损’科利答道。我问‘这个机器可以提供动力吗’科利先生,把手指放在旋转的球上,把它停下来,说‘这个机器实在是太小了不能提供太多的动力。我应该做一个更大的机器才可以提供动力去运行其他的机器’科利然后说到他还没有真正开始做,但是他已经算好了机器的尺寸,这个球大概在56英尺的直径大小。科利也说了他不知道什么时候开始造,这完全依赖于外界可以给他多少资助。当Repetti问需要花多少钱时,科利的答案是‘大概1000美元’

Atfirst, Repetti saw something in Keely's device, for he offered to build certain
parts of his machine at the workshop of his employers, where he had access to the "propertools."  Keely's reply was enigmatic: "I cannot answer just now, butif you will call in a few days I will let you know what I will do."
    起初,Repetti看见了科利的设备的一些东西,因为他提供造一些科利的机器的零件在他的工厂里,那里他有合适的工具。 科利的回答是神秘的:“我不能立刻回答你,但如果你能几天后打电话,我将让你看看我做的东西”

Repetti returned and Keely stated that he would go along with his offer, but only if
Repetti would pay for the making of the machine, for which he was to receive "a half interest for doing so." Repetti agreed on the condition that he could see all theparts of the Globe Motor "in order to know if I can make them." Keely did notobject to this, but told Repetti: "I cannot show them to you now. You will have to call some other time,"which Repetti did, and within a few days. The machine had been taken apart and the parts were spread out on the table in the workshop. Keely said: "You can examine
the parts and determine if you can make them." Repetti did this and said that he saw no difficulties.But then Keely said that he had a secret part that he could not show without Repetti's promise to oblige himself by oath not to tell anyone. Repetti agreed and Keely "went into another room and brought out the part and showed it to me, after which I said:'I am very sorry, Mr. Keely, that I have put you to so much trouble, but Ithink that I will not go into this business any farther....'"
    Repetti回去了再来的时候,科利说可以给他展示为了得到他的帮助,但仅仅当Repetti提供制造机器的钱时并且有一半的兴趣做时。Repetti 同意了他能看球形发动机的条件,为了知道是否他能自己做出来。科利没有反对这个,但告诉Repetti‘我不能现在给你看,你必须下次来看’,Repetti照做了,几天后,这个机器已经被拆散了放在工厂的桌子上。科利说‘你可以检查下零件决定下你是否能做出来这些’Repetti检查了一下,说没有困难。但然后科利说了,他有一个秘密的零件没有展示,除了Repetti发誓保守秘密不告诉任何人。Repetti同意了,科利进了另外一个房间取出来一个零件,展示给了Repetti。那之后Repetti说‘非常抱歉,科利先生,我给你添麻烦了,我可能不能再进行下去这个交易了’

What Repetti saw that changed his mind, he kept secret for 30 years offering no
further explanation. Repetti's tale might be truthful in some respects: There is evidence that Keely indeed was living at Market Street around that time; he lived there in 1866, as he admitted.
    Repetti先生到底看见了什么使他改变了主意,他保守了30年的秘密没有做任何更进一步的解释。Repetti的故事可能是真实的在某些方面。有证据证明科利真的住在马克大街那段时间,他1866年住在那里,就像他承认的一样。

In 1871, Keely pursued his investigations in the effort to work out his discovery,
using water and air in connection with sound vibrations.46 In 1872, he allegedly made his discovery of an energy that he called "the force" by accident, while experimenting on vibrations. He then "imprisoned the ether" the same year and"commenced his experiments with ether in the winter of 1872-73...."47 At first he had no idea what he had found, as he readily admitted; it would take him 12 years before he realized that he had "imprisoned the ether."
    1871年,科利成功的说服投资者支持他的发明,用水和空气连接声音振动的发明。1872年,他说偶然在实验振动时发现了称为“力”的能源。同一年,他“禁锢了以太”并且“开始以太的实验在1872年-1873年的冬天”开始他不知道他发现了什么,他承认,它花了12年使他意识到他已经“禁锢了以太”。

Between1871 and 1875, he also constructed six different devices. At that time, 34 documents were in existence relating to the transfer of interests in inventions
which were called the independent flywheel, the hydro-pneumatic-pul-sating-vacuo engine,the Globe Motor, the dissipating engine, the multiplicator or generator and the automatic water lift. The first assignment was dated July 11, 1871, the last, February 15,1875.
    在1871年到1875年间,他做了6个不同的设备,在那时签署了34份文件关于发明的权益转让。发明包括:独立飞轮,气动液态真空发动机,球形发动机,分解机器,倍率器或发动机,和自动提水机。第一个签署在1871711日,最后一个在1875215日。

Keely's Globe Motor, although exhibited in operation around 1871, was never
patented;what was found during an investigation in 1875 was "on record in Liber L, 18,page 370, of transfer of patents, U.S. Patent Office, an assignment of thisso-called Globe Motor by Mr. Collier to the Keely Motor Company, this assignment bearing date February 15, 1875, and being recorded May 8, 1875." The patent office at that time also had an abstract of "all assignments, agreements, licenses, powers of attorney and other instruments in writing on record in the patent office in the name of John W.
Keelysince January 1, 1871
    科利的球形发动机,虽然从1871就已经展示可运行,但从来没有申请专利。1875年的一个调查说被称为科利发动机公司的球形发动机文书由collier先生拥有,在美国的专利局370页,18行有记录在案,这个文书从1875215日开始,187558日记录。那时的专利局也有一个摘要:所有的文书,协议,许可书,委任书和别的法律文件在专利局都有记录在案,在科利的名字,从187111日开始。


(译者注:
   第一章基本都是说一些往事的证据之类的事情,暂时先翻译其他章节了,可以早点有对技术面有帮助的一些内容)

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