Describedabove are the technical drawings for one aspect of Joseph Newman's theories.The two drawings - MAGNETIC FIELDS IN REPU LSION and MAGNETIC FIELDS IN ATTRACTION -describe three bar magnets in a three-dimensional configurationsurrounded and penetrated by circulating gyroscopic particles, each of whichspins while traveling upon "lines (shells) of force (direction)" thatconsecutively alternate in opposite directions. [The difference between the twodrawings is that the central magnet is reversed.]
Accordingto Mr. Newman, these gyroscopic particles are the smallest particles known andcomprise all atoms within the universe. The technical drawings are qualitativein nature; quantitatively, there are trillions of such gyroscopic particlesflowing in the described paths to generate the magnetic field. Althoughsub-atomic particles will be shielded by lead, the effects of magnetic fieldscan be observed through lead shielding. According to Mr. Newman, this is oneproof that these particles are the most fundamental particles known.
Thesedrawings represent the first time in the history of physics that there ispresented in an explicit pictorial fashion (via the concepts innovated by Mr.Newman) a precise, mechanical explanation of the phenomena of magnetism and theprinciple of "action at a distance."
Inhis researches on magnetism, James Clerk Maxwell (as well as Michael Faraday)explicitly described the lines of force surrounding a magnet as kinetic,mechanical energy. (Maxwell called electromagnetism ''matter in motion. ")This description by Maxwell has been forgotten in the past 100 years. WhileMaxwell could not explain in detail the action of a magnet, he did recognizethat such action is mechanical in nature.
Asone passes a conductor wire in front of and across the end of a bar magnet ,one will observe the current to flow first in one direction , then becomeneutral, then reverse itself and flow in the opposite direction. This occursdue to the nature of the flow of the gyroscopic particles as they flow fromeach end of the bar magnet (see drawings above). On one side of the south (S)end of the bar magnet, for instance, the particles flowing in and out along the"lines of force " spin "up, " while on the other side ofthe same south end, the particles flowing in and out along the "lines offorce" spin "down." A spinning gyroscope will move at rightangles to the force acting upon it; hence, as the gyroscopic particles encounterthe particles composing the conductor wire, they move "up" or"down" the conductor (at right angles to the direction that theyfirst encounter the conductor) .
Mr.Newman indicates that it is principally the spin of the gyroscopic particle(and not the direction of flow for the gyroscopic particles along the"lines of force") that determines magnetic repulsion and attraction.The interaction of the peripheries of the particles actually effects suchrepulsion and attraction (see PROOF A). Although the drawings depict spacebetween the particles flowing in a given "line of force," inactuality the particles are more like individual spirals upon a strand of beadsin the shape of a helix which results in a gyroscopic action -each particle“bumping against the next." [According to Mr. Newman, between eachparticle there is a very small amount of space created by the electromagneticforce surrounding each particle.]
Asthe drawings depict, the actual "lines of force" are really shells offorce which envelop the magnet s as discrete shells of gyroscopic particleswhich lie concentrically within other shells. These "lines of force"(as depicted in one plane on the drawings) or shells of force (in actuality)travel (rotate) in opposite directions relative to one another. The effect ofsuch motion is to place the peripheries of respective gyroscopic particles(from one "line of force" to the next) at opposition (or repulsion)to one another and consequently keep each "line of force" separatedfrom each adjoining (concentric) "line (shell) of force."
Inaddition, there are as many "lines of force" emanating from each endof the bar magnet as there are atoms aligned magnetically across the width andheight of the N and S ends of the magnet. Because of the large size of ironfilings relative to the sub-atomic size of the gyroscopic particles, the particles within the "line offorce" congeal l clumps of the filings into (via the naked eye) arelatively few number of such lines. Which more finely-ground iron filings,more "lines of force" would become visible to the human eye.
Eachparticle (M) travels along the "line (shell) of force" at the speedof light (C) and also individually spins at the speed of light (C).Consequently, such motion results in energy (E) since E = MC2 .
Itshould also be noted that, based on the theories of Mr. Newman, I constructedthree-dimensional models of two bar magnets to study how the gyroscopic particlesinteract. Using simple Styrofoam (for the bar magnet), wire (for the"lines of force"), and wooden beads (for the gyroscopic particles), Iwas able to construct these models as shown in the technical drawings. (This isonly an analogous construction. Mr. Newman does not state there is a solidparticle spinning on its axis as it moves, but probably is a particle moving[in effect, spinning] in a circular [spiraling helix] configuration at thespeed of light and moving forward at the speed of light (within the generalhelix action); such combined motion equals c2.] (See Figure 13-G.)